Rebellion of 1837 in Lower Canada


Rebellion of 1837 in Lower Canada
   The culmination of a long agitation, on the part of the French-Canadians, for a larger measure of popular government. The older and more experienced of their leaders refused to overstep the bounds of constitutional agitation; but Papineau, Wolfred Nelson, and a few more hot-headed enthusiasts determined to resort to armed rebellion. A series of violent speeches and demonstrations, in the summer and autumn of 1837, in which Papineau was the central figure, led to incipient riots in Montreal and elsewhere, and the decision of the authorities to arrest Papineau blew the smouldering embers into a fierce blaze. Nelson and Brown gathered their followers together at St. Denis and St. Charles on the Richelieu, and Colonel Gore and Colonel Wetherall were sent to disperse them. Shortly after, Amury Girod raised the flag of revolt at St. Eustache, and Sir John Colborne led a force against him. In every case the rebels were dispersed. Papineau, Nelson, Brown, and the other leaders fled. Papineau and Brown escaped over the border. The others were captured and exiled to Bermuda. The next year Robert Nelson and Dr. Côte made a final attempt at Napierville. Nelson managed to escape, but his misguided followers were captured, twelve executed, and eighty-seven transported to Australia.
   Index: C Responsibility of the government for, 2; Cartier's part in, 7; defence of, 9-10; the aftermath, 11; suspension of the constitution of 1791, 11; origin of, 121-122. Sy In Lower Canada, 57. B Attributed by Durham to racial animosity, 11; his remedy, 12. P Responsibility of the bureaucrats for, 24-25; street fights in Montreal, 127; Demaray and Davignon arrested, and rescued by Bonaventure Viger and party of Patriotes, 128; rebels gather at St. Denis and St. Charles, 128; Colonel Gore's expedition up the Richelieu, and Colonel Wetherall's against St. Charles, 128-132; the fight at St. Denis, 130-132; at St. Charles, 133; death of Lieutenant Weir, 134; the fight at St. Eustache, 135-137; leaders sent into exile, 138-139; outbreak of 1838 crushed, 139-141; causes of the Rebellion, 143-161; O'Callaghan's version, 146-149; Bouchette's views, 149-153. BL Papineau's connection with, 45-46; history of, 45-49; its lessons, 51; general pardon, 287-288. MS Governor Simpson and Hudson's Bay Company influence strongly against Papineau, 243. H Its effect on popular party in Nova Scotia, 49. E Its causes, 17-21; Durham on, 18, 25-26; aftermath of the Rebellion, 62-63; contrasted with the disturbances of 1849, 75-76; spirit of its leaders, 91-92. Md Cartier involved in, 7; takes advantage of amnesty, 7; passions kindled by, 13; and responsible government, 23. See also Ninety-Two Resolutions; Papineau; Nelson; Rebellion Losses Bill.
   Bib.: Christie, History of Lower Canada; Kingsford, History of Canada; Carrier, Les Evénéments de 1837-1838; David, Les Patriotes de 1837; Globensky, La Rebellion de 1837; Theller, Canada in 1837-38.

The makers of Canada. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada —    Almost the exact counterpart of the revolt in the lower province. The leaders here were William Lyon Mackenzie, Samuel Lount, Van Egmond, and Rolph. The plan was to march upon Toronto, seize the city, and proclaim a republic. This was early in …   The makers of Canada

  • Rébellion de 1837 — Rébellion des Patriotes Patriotes à Beauharnois en novembre 1838 par Katherine Jane Ellice (aquarelle) Archives nationales du Canada La Rébellion des Patriotes, Rébellion du Bas Canada, ou tout simplement Rébellions de 1837 38 sont trois noms… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lower Canada Rebellion — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Lower Canada Rebellion caption=Flag used by the Patriotes between 1832 and 1838 date=6th November 1837 10th November 1838 place=Quebec casus=Attempted coup by United States backed Patriote rebels territory=Total …   Wikipedia

  • Lower Canada — Infobox Former Country native name = Bas Canada conventional long name = Province of Lower Canada common name = Lower Canada ag continent = North America region = Central Canada country = Canada era = British Era status = Colony status text=… …   Wikipedia

  • Lower Canada —    Mc Crisis approaching in, 287; Imperial commissioners report, 323; against responsible government, 325; events leading to Rebellion, 327; asks other provinces for support, 329; crisis arrives, August, 1837, 344; arrest of editors, 344;… …   The makers of Canada

  • Lower Canada Rebellion — /loh euhr/ an uprising of 1837, quickly crushed by the British militia, against the British colonial administration in Quebec. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lower Canada Rebellion — /loh euhr/ an uprising of 1837, quickly crushed by the British militia, against the British colonial administration in Quebec …   Useful english dictionary

  • Declaration of Independence of Lower Canada — The Declaration of Independence of Lower Canada was written in French by the patriot rebel Robert Nelson on February 22, 1838, while in exile in the United States, after the first rebellion of 1837. The 1838 declaration was primarily inspired by… …   Wikipedia

  • Bibliography of the 1837-1838 insurrections in Lower Canada — The following is an incomplete bibliography of the 1837 1838 insurrections in Lower Canada in the English and French languages, by publication date and document type. In English Works * Greenwood, Frank Murray. and Barry Wright, ed. (2002).… …   Wikipedia

  • 15th Parliament of Lower Canada — The 15th Parliament of Lower Canada was in session from March 21 1835 to March 27 1838. Elections in Lower Canada had been held in October 1834. The lower house was dissolved following the Lower Canada Rebellion and Lower Canada was administered… …   Wikipedia